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Asylum in Spain

There are around 57,000 successful applications for asylum in the country each year. Read this article to discover if you are eligible for refugee protection and how you can successfully apply for asylum in Spain.

For more information on the application process, please get in contact with Immigration Advice Service online or call us at (+44) 333 4149244.

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    What are Asylum Seekers?

    The first thing to understand is what makes people asylum seekers. Use this information to determine if you can gain refugee status.

    The human rights charity Amnesty defines asylum seekers as anybody who has fled their home country. Their circumstances – including war, extreme poverty, discrimination, and violence – have required them to leave immediately. These people are often known as refugees.

    According to the 1951 Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol, refugees have international protection. They may arrive at the border of the first nation they arrive at who are part of this agreement and claim asylum. They will be safe from harm and will not be returned to their country of origin.

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    The First Stages of Applying for Asylum in Spain

    You must apply for international protection as soon as possible, and this should happen within a month of being in the country. However, if you have been in Spain for a while and realize it will not be safe to return to your country of origin, it is still possible to apply for asylum.

    To claim asylum you need to:

    • Make your application at a border checkpoint, immigration office, police station, Immigration Detention Facility (CIE), penitentiary facility, diplomatic mission, or Spanish consular office in any nation abroad.
    • Attend an interview with a member of the national police force, and request an interpreter if required. You can also use a private lawyer, public defender or an NGO lawyer, but this will increase the time it takes for your interview to take place.
    • Remain at border control if this is where you applied for asylum until your case has been processed and you receive a Red Card.

    The Importance of Red Card Status

    The Red Card is the most important document for international protection in Spain while you wait for your application to be approved. It means you can continue receiving protection while waiting for your application to be processed.

    The Red Card also unlocks key vital rights for beginning to participate in Spanish life. It includes the right to work after six months, open a bank account, enrol in education and get married.

    You can have a Red Card for as long as it takes to apply for asylum successfully. This process can take up to two years.Although the Red Card is only valid for six months, you can renew it for another six months as often as needed.

    Find out what you need to know to apply for asylum in Spain. Our expert team are here to assist you. Contact Us

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      Responses to your Application for Protection

      While you are in Spain on a Red Card, the Spanish authorities will be determining if it is appropriate to grant you refugee status. The Inter-Ministry Commission for Asylum and Refuge will prepare a proposal on your behalf. It will then be examined by the Office of Asylum and Refuge (OAR) before being handed to the Ministry of the Interior, who will make the final decision.

      There are number of possible responses including:

      • Refugee Status Granted – The state recognises that you are a refugee and agrees to let you remain in the country under their protection.
      • Subsidiary Protection Granted – The government does not think you are being directly persecuted, but they will allow you to remain in Spain as the situation in your country would put you at risk.
      • Granted for Humanitarian Reasons – You do not have international protection but exceptional circumstances mean you can remain in the country.
      • Shelved – Your application has been suspended because you failed to attend personal hearings, renew your Red Card, or provide required documentation.
      • International Protection Denied – The Spanish state does not agree that you need asylum.

      The Rights and Obligations of Asylum Seekers in Spain

      Successfully applying for asylum in Spain, and gaining a Red Card, comes with a host of rights. These rights ensure your protection and that you can live comfortably.

      During your application, you will have the right to legal assistance and an interpreter. This is provided by the state and free of charge, but you can also use private lawyers and interpreters if you have the means.

      You also won’t be deported during your asylum application and after receiving asylum status. Your application and refugee status will also be communicated to the UN Human Rights Council as proof of your protection.

      Once in Spain, you have the right to a normal life. You can access medical help, social and housing services, and work after six months in the country.

      Refugees in Spain also need to obey certain rules to ensure they receive protection in the nation.

      The main obligation is to cooperate fully with Spanish immigration authorities, providing accurate information and attending all required interviews.

      You must also obey all Spanish laws and avoid legal trouble.

      Explore the asylum application process in Spain. Call us now to get started. Contact Us

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        How Can IAS Help?

        Making an application for international protection in Spain is a challenging process. There are multiple steps to be taken over two years, and you will need to be transparent and share a lot of personal information.

        Immigration Advice Service can reduce the stress involved with your asylum application and substantially increase the chances of success. Please call us at (+44) 333 4149244 or contact us online to find out how we can help.

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                  Related pages for your continued reading.

                  Frequently Asked Questions

                  Many refugees in Spain can find the interview process stressful. However, all you need to share is basic personal information and descriptions of your circumstances. So long as you have a legitimate reason to apply for asylum, you have nothing to worry about.

                  You will be interviewed by police officer who will ask for information about the following:

                  • Who are you, and why are you applying for asylum?
                  • What events happened to you or your family that forced you to flee?
                  • Why can’t you return?
                  • What family members are in Spain and/or your country of origin who might also want to apply for asylum?
                  • Why did you not apply for international protection previously if it has taken longer than a month?

                  In some cases, you will be asked for documentation to prove what you claim in the interview.

                  Everything you tell the Spanish authorities is strictly confidential. They will not share the information outside of the necessary immigration authorities and the authorities back in the nation you have fled will not hear anything about your application.

                  The denial will come with an order to leave the country within 15 days and potential deportation if you remain in the country. You will either be deported to your home country or the first EU nation that you came into according to the Dublin Convention.

                  You will also be deported if you are involved in serious misconduct while in Spain. If the courts decide that you are a danger to the Spanish people, or have told lies in your application, you will no longer be welcome.

                  You can make an administrative appeal if your asylum application is rejected. In most cases, this process will only be possible with a lawyer. The lawyer will take your case into the Spanish court system and prove that you have a right to asylum.

                  If your application has been wrongfully ‘Shelved’, the process is similar. However, you will not need to prove your right to asylum, but that circumstances beyond your control have prevented you from fulfilling the obligations of the asylum application procedure.