Frontline migrant workers hit hardest by hostile environment policy
A report published by the Kanlungan Filipino Consortium (a charity supporting the rights of Filipino and Southeast and East Asians living in the UK) shows that many Filipinos in the UK have been significantly disadvantaged by COVID-19 due to their immigration status.
Working as domestic workers, decorators, and carers, the interviewees in the report described themselves as being from the Philippines, living in the UK for an average of ten years, and with ‘irregular’ or ‘undocumented’ immigration status
Since the beginning of the pandemic, over 100 Filipino nationals have died due to coronavirus, many of whom were working in frontline care roles.
It has already been established that Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic (BAME) people are disproportionately affected by the pandemic.
In addition, both ethnicity and social deprivation were listed as coronavirus susceptibility risk factors in February 2021.
Although the government confirmed in February that undocumented immigrants could receive the vaccine without fear of being deported, it has been shown that NHS data-sharing discourages people from seeking healthcare when necessary.
The Kanlungan group carried out a similar survey in June 2020 where it was found that 1 in 13 respondents who reported coronavirus symptoms actually sought care from the NHS for fear of being charged, detained, or deported.
COVID-19 treatment, testing, and vaccines in the UK are free to all
The UK government has confirmed that anyone accessing treatment for coronavirus, taking tests if they suspect they have COVID, or accessing their vaccine will not be charged.
Additionally, it is not a requirement to provide a GP surgery with identification, an address, or immigration status if you wish to register at a surgery. Anyone can access COVID testing, treatment or vaccine for free, without checks.
Despite this, there have been reports of different policies existing at GP surgeries.
In addition to this, up until November 2018, there was a memorandum of understanding between NHS Digital and the UK Home Office relating to patient data sharing for the purpose of deportation.
Although this policy has been disbanded, many undocumented people are wary of drawing attention to themselves by accessing healthcare.
Dangers of obstacles based on immigration status
The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has published additional information on frequently asked questions about COVID-19 care available for refugees, asylum seekers, and undocumented people in the UK.
Yet despite this, it is clear from the survey of Filipino citizens that this message has not reached some of the most vulnerable groups in society. One survey respondent stated:
“Why is it not known, not in the newspapers, how you can access healthcare as undocumented? I don’t know why it’s not being publicised. There are so many people like me, who don’t know. Some are still afraid to register because there is no proper announcement from the government, so we know it’s not fake news.”
It was reported that in early April 2020, an undocumented Filipino migrant who had been living in the UK for over ten years died, likely from COVID, as a result of not seeking medical care. A contributing cause of his death was his fear of being deported by attending NHS services.
The barriers in the way of accessing healthcare can have deadly consequences for individuals, especially where unclear information is rife.
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