- Overview of Bringing Elderly Parents to the UK
- The UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
- UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa Eligibility Criteria
- Financial Support Requirements For UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
- Applying for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
- How Long Does the Adult Dependent Relative Visa Last?
- Documents Required for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
- Why Might My UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa Be Refused?
- Alternative Immigration Routes for Elderly Parents
- Adult Dependent Relative Visa Language Requirements
- Adult Dependent Relative Visa Application Fee
- Adult Dependent Relative Visa Processing Time
- How Can IAS Help?
- Frequently Asked Questions
Overview of Bringing Elderly Parents to the UK
Adult dependents need a high level of care, which means you are unable to care for them while living in a different county. You must apply for an Adult Dependent Relative Visa or an alternative option to bring your parents to the UK as a British citizen.
Being worried about unwell parents is obviously a stressful time and you may wish to reach out to immigration experts to ensure your application to being your parents to the UK is handled efficiently and without delay.
The UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
If you are an adult or senior citizen living outside the UK, you might need care from a relative living in the UK. The Adult Dependent Relative Visa is a route you can take to live in the UK with your relative so that they can provide you with the support you require.
Your relative must have permanent residency in the UK. They may be a sister, brother, child, parent, or grandchild.
UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa Eligibility Criteria
To be eligible for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa, your relative who lives in the UK must meet the following criteria:
- They must be a blood relative.
- They must be a British or Irish citizen.
- They must have permanent residency.
- They have pre-settled status as a citizen of Norway, the EU, Lichtenstein, Iceland, or Switzerland from before January 2021.
- They have humanitarian protection allowing them to live permanently in the UK.
You must also meet the following requirements as a dependent relative:
- You are elderly or have a disability or illness that prevents you from doing daily household tasks and living independently.
- The care you need is not accessible in your country, either due to unavailability or unaffordability.
- Your relative in the UK will be able to financially support and care for you for at least 5 years.
- You are over 18 years of age.
Financial Support Requirements For UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
Your relative needs to prove that they will be able to provide you with the care you need for at least 5 years. They must be able to provide financial support for you without requiring government aid. To prove these things, your relative must supply the following documents in the application:
- A floorplan of the relative’s home, displaying the room size, type and number of rooms.
- Bank statements showing monthly income and savings accounts.
Applying for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
When applying for a Adult Dependent Relative Visa you must complete Appendix 1 for form VAF4A. This form is a companion to any visa application for adult dependent relatives, parents, and children of permanent residents in the UK.
You can apply for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa using the online application process. Before you begin your online application, you must prepare the necessary documents and evidence to support your case.
If you are unsure how to strengthen your application portfolio or if you find the application process challenging, you can access support from our professional immigration lawyers at IAS.
How Long Does the Adult Dependent Relative Visa Last?
Unlike most UK visas, the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa has no definite expiry date. Since there is no way to determine how long you must provide long-term care to this relative, the UK government cannot dictate visa expiry.
If your parent’s health changes, or they no longer require care from you, they may be required to return to their home country. If you want them to remain with you in the UK after this period, you can then apply for a Family Member Visa to gain your parent’s permanent residency.
Documents Required for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa
When preparing to begin your application, you should gather all of the documents and evidence necessary for the UK Elderly Dependent visa. Here is a list of all the supporting documents and information you and your relative need to provide:
- Your name, date of birth and birth certificate.
- Your valid passport or travel ID (with certified copies of the photo pages, visas and entry stamps).
- A copy of your biometric residence permit (if you have one).
- Details of previous visa applications you have made.
- A criminal record check.
- Your national insurance number.
- Your parents’ date of birth and nationality.
- Your tuberculosis test results if you come from a country where they are needed.
- Proof of your finances and your ability to care for your relative (this should include bank statements and house floorplans).
- Your partner’s details.
- Your children’s details.
Please note that any copies of your documents should be officially certified copies. You should also ensure that your documents are notarised and translated into English or Welsh.
Why Might My UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa Be Refused?
Two of the most common reasons for refusal of the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa include:
- The UK Home Office believes that your relative can access the care they need in their country of origin.
- You have not provided sufficient evidence of your adult dependent’s long-term care needs.
- The UK Home Office does not believe that you have sufficient income to care for your relative, or you cannot provide them with the care they need.
When you receive a visa refusal letter, it will include information regarding your right to appeal. If you cannot appeal, you can still submit a request for administrative review. To appeal the visa refusal, your appeal must be based on your relative’s right to private and family life, as per Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights.
Alternative Immigration Routes for Elderly Parents
If you are unsure whether your elderly parents will qualify for the UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa, you should investigate the following alternative routes:
- Long-Term Visit Visa
- Family Visit Visa
- Parent Visa
- EU Settlement Scheme (as a family member)
- British Nationals Overseas Visa
- Refugee Status
Speaking to someone with experience and expertise in immigration law will help you to choose the most suitable route for you or your parents. At IAS, our immigration lawyers will review your case and personal circumstances to recommend the best route for your visa application.
Adult Dependent Relative Visa Language Requirements
You do not need to provide evidence of your English knowledge as an adult-dependent relative. The British government recognises that your humanitarian protection rights take priority over your English speaking skills.
Adult Dependent Relative Visa Application Fee
The visa fee for the Adult Dependent Relative Visa differs based on the route you take for your application:
- If you are applying from outside the UK to join your child – £1,464.
- If you apply in the UK by post or using the online portal – £993.
- If you apply in the UK using the premium in-person service – £1,583.
You must pay this fee for each dependent relative you wish to bring to the UK.
Adult Dependent Relative Visa Processing Time
Once you have made your visa application, you can expect to wait up to 8 weeks to hear a decision. You will receive either a visa approval or refusal letter, allowing you to take action to appeal the decision or begin the moving process for your relative.
If your relative requires care, you may benefit from assistance during the visa application process. An immigration lawyer can help you access the support and resources you need to lessen your burden.
Gaining assistance from a legal professional will help you to understand the best routes to take for a fast application. They will also be able to recommend any alternative visa routes that might better suit your situation.
At IAS, our immigration lawyers have intimate knowledge of visa types and the application process. They can help you to create a strong document portfolio, reducing the likelihood of a visa refusal. We also provide recommendation letters to applicants to help endorse the application.
The visa application process does not need to be overwhelming. If you need assistance with your visa application or appeal, contact our friendly and helpful team at IAS on 0333 305 9375.
Last modified on October 24th, 2023 at 3:52 pm
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If you have pre-settled or settled status in the UK, you maintain the right to live, work, and study there. However, those with settled status are allowed to remain in the UK indefinitely, whereas those with pre-settled status are only allowed to remain in the UK for up to 5 years.
The UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa is reasonably competitive. You will need a strong application that clearly shows both your ability to care for your relative and your relative’s need for long-term care. Using the services of an immigration lawyer at IAS can help you strengthen your case and increase the likelihood of a successful application.
Your chance of a successful UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa for your family member lies at around 4%. This means that only around 1 in 25 applications are successful.